DAKAR, Senegal — The International Criminal Court in The Hague said on Tuesday that it had acquitted the former president of Ivory Coast, Laurent Gbagbo, and one of his aides of crimes against humanity and a litany of other charges related to months of violence that followed the country’s presidential election in 2010.
The decision was a severe blow to the prosecution in the case of the 73-year-old Mr. Gbagbo, the first former head of state to reach trial at the court, and raises new questions about the effectiveness of the court to pursue its mandate of dealing with war crimes and genocide, among other crimes.
Prosecutors had built a largely circumstantial case against Mr. Gbagbo for charges stemming from the violence that followed his refusal to give up power after being ousted from office during a 2010 election. The events gave rise to a bloody civil war and left a nation deeply divided to this day.
In The Hague on Tuesday, the public gallery erupted in loud cheers and screams as the presiding judge read out the decision acquitting Mr. Gbagbo and his aide, Charles Blé Goudé. Outside the court, supporters of Mr. Gbagbo gathered with Champagne. In Ivory Coast’s economic capital, Abidjan, shirtless men ran through the streets toasting the former president. But victims of the civil war who had testified against him were devastated.
Amnesty International said in a statement that the acquittal represented “a crushing disappointment to victims of postelection violence in Ivory Coast.”
Mr. Gbagbo rose to power in 2000 after a popular uprising toppled the country’s dictator. His tenure, rejected by rebels in the country’s north, led to a civil war in 2002, dividing the country between the largely Muslim north and the Christian south.
Mr. Gbagbo remained in office five years beyond his legal mandate, before a presidential election was finally held in 2010. When he lost, he waged an armed fight to stay in power. The election’s winner, Alassane Ouattara, was trapped in a hotel.
The situation dragged on for five months, and French and United Nations troops forcefully installed Mr. Ouattara as the new president, leading to a standoff that plunged the country back into a civil war that killed thousands.
The legal defeat is an expensive one for a case that began with Mr. Gbagbo’s surrender. Some analysts have criticized the overall approach of the court — a faraway entity that targets leaders and works largely through intermediaries who fail to gain the trust of locals.
“This is yet another major blow for the I.C.C. prosecution, which has yet to show it can consistently sustain charges against high level accused of the most serious crimes,” said James A. Goldston, executive director of the Open Society Justice Initiative. He said that the acquittal underscored the need for a prosecutor who is “a person of integrity and sound judgment who is highly skilled at criminal investigation.”
Prosecutors relied heavily on circumstantial evidence and failed to gather documentation that directly implicated the defendants, according to legal analysts.
Instead, they built their case on the notion that the two men were top officials and therefore responsible for the actions of those who served under them. They called 82 witnesses to the stand during the trial, which began in 2016, but during public hearings, police and military officials tried to minimize their roles in the violence and distanced themselves from Mr. Gbagbo.
The presiding judge for the three-judge panel, Cuno Tarfusser, said the prosecution had failed to prove the existence of a plan to keep Mr. Gbagbo in power and a policy to attack the civilian population. He also said that prosecutors had failed to show that the defendants’ public speeches “constituted ordering, soliciting, or inducing the alleged crimes.”
“The chamber by majority hereby decides that the prosecutor has failed to satisfy the burden of proof to the requisite standard,” Judge Tarfusser said after reading a summary of the court’s decision. Mr. Gbagbo and Mr. Blé Goudé, 47, remained in detention as prosecutors considered whether to appeal the decision at a hearing on Wednesday.
During the melee that followed the 2010 election, supporters of Mr. Gbagbo and Mr. Ouattara alike were responsible for violence that included the rapes of dozens of women and the deaths of more than 3,000 people, according to Human Rights Watch. People were burned alive, and men were executed simply for their political affiliation.
The case at the International Criminal court was complicated by the fact that prosecutors were trying to prove not that the defendants committed abuses but that they were responsible for them. No members of Mr. Outtara’s government have been directly charged over abuses.
In Abidjan, dozens of Mr. Gbagbo’s supporters rejoiced. “This is a great day,” said Severin N’Guessan, 38. “Our leader Gbagbo will be released. He will return home and resume our struggle.”
Assoa Adou, general secretary of the Ivorian Popular Front, the political party founded by Mr. Gbagbo, told the publication Jeune Afrique that the court’s decision was “a big step toward national reconciliation.”
But victims of the violence were anguished, according to rights workers who were gathering with them Tuesday morning. The decision reflected “a lack of consideration for the victims,” said Ernest Koffi, who lives in Abidjan.
Aminata Doumboua, 37, was raped in the days after the election, as was a younger sister. She and other witnesses who traveled to The Hague to testify against Mr. Gbagbo gathered in Ivory Coast to watch the announcement on local television Tuesday morning.
When news of the acquittal was broadcast, she immediately fled to her home, where she fielded calls from others, and is now thinking of leaving the country. She and other rape survivors have been stigmatized in their communities, and many had been clinging to a conviction as their only hope for justice.
“I am heartbroken right now,” Ms. Doumboua said between sobs.
Mr. Ouattara had said he would use national courts to prosecute those who carried out the violence in 2011. But in August, he announced an amnesty for the vast majority of the crimes committed during the conflict, meaning that it is unlikely anyone will be punished.
“With Gbagbo and Blé Goudé’s acquittal and the I.C.C.’s failure to prosecute anyone from Ouattara’s side of the conflict, victims are not likely to see anyone convicted for their role in these crimes,” said Jim Wormington, a researcher at Human Rights Watch who has been tracking the case.B:
群英会开奖结果查询山东【时】【间】【流】【逝】。 【野】【蛮】【人】【的】【快】【乐】【很】【简】【单】。 【没】【有】【过】【于】【复】【杂】【的】【人】【际】【关】【系】，【也】【没】【有】【金】【钱】【利】【益】【概】【念】。 【肉】【体】【和】【朋】【友】【一】【起】【狩】【猎】【战】【斗】，【博】【取】【更】【高】【荣】【誉】，【精】【神】【上】【遵】【从】【长】【老】、【祭】【祀】【教】【诲】，【夜】【晚】【的】【篝】【火】【晚】【会】【载】【歌】【载】【舞】，【便】【是】【一】【切】【追】【求】。 “【祭】【司】【大】【人】，【一】【起】【来】【跳】【舞】【啊】！” 【朵】【拉】【站】【在】【篝】【火】【前】，【皮】【肤】【有】【些】【黝】【黑】，【真】【挚】【的】【笑】【着】，【向】【雷】【洛】【邀】
【只】【是】【她】【的】【呼】【喝】【没】【人】【在】【意】，【护】【卫】【们】【依】【旧】【扑】【了】【上】【来】，【见】【他】【们】【不】【听】，【许】【清】【妍】【也】【不】【客】【气】，【当】【下】【拉】【开】【架】【势】【就】【和】【他】【们】【打】【了】【起】【来】。 【见】【姐】【姐】【被】【十】【几】【人】【围】【攻】，【许】【清】【文】【只】【觉】【得】【一】【股】【怒】【气】【直】【冲】【头】【顶】，【当】【下】【也】【顾】【不】【得】【自】【己】【体】【内】【有】【没】【有】【灵】【力】【这】【事】，【风】【一】【般】【的】【朝】【护】【卫】【队】【冲】【了】【过】【去】。 【平】【时】【学】【的】【拳】【法】【也】【终】【于】【发】【挥】【了】【作】【用】，【对】【着】【一】【个】【护】【卫】【后】【背】【轰】【了】【过】【去】
【嗡】！ 【有】【了】【戴】【文】【提】【供】【的】【坐】【标】，【蕾】【娜】【认】【准】【一】【个】【方】【向】，【双】【手】【抬】【起】，【斑】【斑】【光】【点】【在】【她】【手】【中】【汇】【聚】。 【注】【意】【到】【蕾】【娜】【仍】【面】【带】【犹】【豫】，【戴】【文】【说】【道】：“【放】【心】，【方】【圆】【几】【千】【里】，【都】【没】【有】【人】，【你】【安】【心】【的】【炸】【吧】。” 【蕾】【娜】【深】【深】【点】【头】，【光】【点】【聚】【集】【越】【来】【越】【多】，【最】【终】【在】【她】【手】【掌】【间】【凝】【聚】【成】【一】【个】【硕】【大】【无】【比】【的】【光】【团】。【这】【段】【日】【子】，【内】【心】【充】【斥】【的】【种】【种】【愤】【懑】【不】【甘】，【恨】【意】群英会开奖结果查询山东【缺】【乏】【眼】【见】【的】【人】，【也】【就】【是】【那】【种】【极】【为】【短】【视】【的】【人】，【才】【会】【看】【不】【见】【更】【为】【美】【好】【的】【将】【来】，【也】【是】【有】【此】【看】【不】【见】，【这】【样】【的】【人】【有】【因】【为】【自】【己】【的】【落】【选】【就】【抱】【着】【有】“【我】【得】【不】【到】，【别】【人】【也】【休】【想】【得】【到】”【的】【心】【思】，【主】【动】【的】【将】【秘】【密】【外】【泄】【出】【去】。 “【这】【样】【的】【人】，【其】【实】【在】【平】【常】【时】【候】【就】【会】【暴】【露】【他】【们】【的】【短】【视】【本】【性】，【因】【而】【真】【若】【是】【这】【样】【的】【人】【外】【泄】【的】【消】【息】，【想】【要】【将】【之】【找】【出】【来】，【是】【相】
【第】【一】【百】【四】【十】【四】【章】【谋】【夺】【怒】【龙】【寨】 【累】【了】。 【真】【的】，【累】【了】。 【这】【不】【是】【一】【场】【正】【常】【的】【战】【争】。 【这】【是】【一】【边】【倒】【的】【屠】【戮】。 【如】【果】【不】【是】【朝】【廷】【及】【时】【作】【出】【决】【定】，【将】【江】【湖】**【之】【首】【的】【日】【月】【神】【教】【剿】【灭】【后】，【让】【江】【湖】【各】【大】【势】【力】【的】【士】【气】【大】【跌】。 【如】【果】【不】【是】【江】【湖】【各】【大】【势】【力】【之】【间】【都】【彼】【此】【顾】【头】【不】【顾】【尾】，【互】【相】【抵】【制】。 【太】【多】【太】【多】【的】【如】